Prof. Dr. André Schulz

Assistant prof./Sr research scientist

Discipline(s) Cardiovascular & respiratory systems / Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition / Psychiatry / Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology / Neurosciences & behavior
Sujets de recherche Mental health in chronic conditions, Interoception, Mental disorders with physical symptoms, Stress
Faculté ou Centre Faculté des Sciences Humaines, des Sciences de l'Éducation et des Sciences Sociales​
Department Département Sciences comportementales et cognitives
Adresse postale Université du Luxembourg
Maison des Sciences Humaines
11, Porte des Sciences
L-4366 Esch-sur-Alzette
Bureau sur le campus MSH, E04 35-190
E-mail
Téléphone (+352) 46 66 44 9549
Langues parlées English, German
Séjours de recherche en Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland

Currently, André Schulz holds the position of an Assistant Professor in Psychology in the Department of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences and Head of the “Clinical Psychophysiology Laboratory” (CLIPSLAB). Furthermore, he is Deputy Director of the Experimental Psychology Laboratories Network (EPSYLON) at the University of Luxembourg – a coordinating structure of 10 laboratories that conduct research in experimental psychology at the Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHES). Dr Schulz is member of the Faculty Council of FHES.

His research foci include

  • interoception
  • the psychobiology of stress
  • mental disorders associated with physical symptoms (e.g., somatic symptom disorders)
  • mental health in chronic conditions (e.g., gastrointestinal, respiratory or cardiovascular conditions)
  • psychophysiological research methods

Dr Schulz has published 71 articles in high-ranked, international peer-reviewed journals, such as JAMA Psychiatry (IF: 16.6), Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (IF: 6.2), Resuscitation (IF: 5.2) or Psychoneuroendocrinology (IF: 4.9). Moreover, he is Associate Editor of the renowned journal Biological Psychology (IF: 3.2).His research projects were continuously funded by the University of Luxembourg and the Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR).

His teaching activities include courses in psychophysiology (Bachelor of Science in Psychology) and health psychology (Master in Psychological Intervention). Currently, he supervises 11 PhD students (7 former PhD students successfully completed their studies).

André Schulz studied Psychology at the University of Trier (Diplom, MSc equiv., 2007), where he also completed his PhD (2009) within the International Research Training Group “Psychoneuroendocrinology of Stress” (Trier-Leiden/NL), funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). After his first postdoc period at the University of Trier, Division of Clinical Psychophysiology, he joined the University of Luxembourg in 2012. He has also an assignment as external lecturer at the University of Trier, Germany.

 

Current projects

Interoception in medically unexplained symptoms (INMEDEX) – funded by: University of Luxembourg Research Fund (PUL). Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are highly prevalent in Western societies. However, psychobiological processes underlying MUS remain unclear. Interoception, the perception of bodily processes, may play an important role in the generation of physical symptoms in MUS. Stress contributes to the development and maintenance of MUS and may also affect interoception. Therefore, in the INMEDEX project the relationships between interoception, stress and MUS are investigated.

Interoception and chronic stress (INSTRESS) – funded by: University of Luxembourg Research Fund (PUL). Chronic stress affects the perception of internal bodily states, i.e. interoception, thereby contributing to the generation of physical symptoms and subsequently the development of mental disorders in which physical symptoms play an important role (e.g. panic disorder, somatoform disorders, depression). The psychobiological processes underlying the generation of physical symptoms under conditions of chronic stress, however, are yet unclear. The current project will investigate alterations in interoception and physiological stress responses in schoolteachers with high and low in chronic stress, as the teaching profession represents a highly stressful occupation due to its enduring work-related demands.

„Stress effects on interoceptive learning and memory as a mechanism of somatic symptom generation” (INMEMO) – funded by Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR). Somatic symptom disorders (SSD) are characterized by enduring physical symptoms without a sufficient medical explanation; they have a high lifetime prevalence of 4.4-12.9% and are associated with a significant impairment of quality of life. Although altered interoception, the processing of internal bodily signals, is observed in SSD, the psychobiology underlying symptom generation remains, however, unclear. Learning and memory associated with physical symptoms (i.e. interoceptive learning) may represent one key mechanism to explain symptom generation. As post-learning stress may facilitate (mainly declarative) learning and memory, this project aims at investigating stress facilitation effects on interoceptive learning and memory.”

Interoception of bodily sensations across organ domains and its relevance for somatic symptoms (INBODY) – co-funded by the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) and the Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR). Functional somatic syndromes (FSS) are characterized by chronic, disabling symptoms that do not correspond to observable organic dysfunction, and come at great individual and societal costs. Treatment options for FSS are limited, which is largely due to insufficient knowledge about the mechanisms underlying these symptoms. Disturbed interoception, the ability to process and perceive sensory signals from within the body, is believed to be crucially involved. Therefore, the present project aims to examine several important aspects of interoception in healthy individuals and patients with FSS. Specifically, we will investigate whether interoception is a general ability that shares neural processing characteristics across multiple organ domains and that predicts affective responses. Moreover, we will test whether altered interoceptive processing of bodily signals from different organs can explain the heterogeneity of somatic symptoms, especially in FSS, and how this can be modified by new treatment approaches. Our multidisciplinary research team combines expertise from the fields of psychology, neuroscience and gastroenterology. In interrelated observational and experimental work packages, we will combine state-of-the-art methods including psychophysiological, neural and behavioural measures to improve the understanding of interoception within and across multiple organ domains and to establish interoception-based intervention strategies to reduce symptom burden in FSS patients.

Shared Underlying Mechanisms of Long-COvid and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - A psychoneuroendocrinological and psychoimmunological perspective (SUMCO) – funded by the Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Luxembourg. At least 10 % of patients recovering from Covid-19 develop persistent health consequences such as fatigue, myalgia, or post-exertional malaise. “Long-Covid” is one of the many terms used to describe the occurrence of respiratory, cardiovascular, neurological, and/or gastrointestinal symptoms weeks after the initial infection is resolved. Although some symptoms seem to be unique to Long-Covid (e.g., olfactory & gustatory dysfunction), there is a large symptom overlap with the condition of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). ME/CFS is a complex, multisystem condition affecting 0.89 % of the global population. Different factors have been hypothesized to be involved in the aetiology of ME/CFS, including immune system dysregulation, metabolic alteration, autonomic nervous system (ANS) and limbic system dysfunction, as well as abnormalities in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. One popular hypothesis postulates that ME/CFS is a post-infectious fatigue syndrome, as up to 50 % of ME/CFS cases develop after a viral infection (e.g., infection with Epstein-Barr Virus/EBV). This observation raises the question if Long-Covid and ME/CFS share similarities in underlying pathophysiology, as both conditions seem to occur after viral infections (SARS-CoV-2 & EBV), which trigger dysregulations in the immune system, the ANS, or the HPA axis. A proper characterization of Long-Covid and ME/CFS by a thorough, interdisciplinary psychological and physiological assessment may help to make a differential diagnostic distinction of the two patient groups. The aims of the current project are: (1) To reveal similarities and differences in the pathophysiology of Long-Covid and ME/CFS, as an in-depth understanding of the underlying psychobiology is essential to design adequate prevention in terms of early detection of pathological biomarkers and treatment interventions for Long-Covid syndromes and ME/CFS in terms of a graded exercise therapy. We specifically focus on potential alterations in the immune system, the ANS, and the HPA axis. (2) We aim to elucidate how these processes translate into severity of fatigue, as the relationship between these alterations and actual symptom distress remains yet unclear. Ultimately, as biological and psychological markers of Long-Covid and ME/CFS can help to monitor the course of symptoms and the potential responsiveness to treatment intervention, we aim (3) at investigating the effectiveness of a graded exercise therapy on symptom severity and potential improvement in alterations of the immune system, the ANS and the HPA axis.

Last updated on: vendredi 24 juin 2022

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Professional Experience

Since 01/2020

Assistant Professor; Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences / Institute for Health and Behavior / Head of CLIPSLAB

 

12/2014

Authorisation to manage research and to supervise PhD students (ADR)

 

09/2014-12/2019

Research Scientist; Research Unit INSIDE / Institute for Health and Behaviour

 

07/2012-08/2014

Post-doctoral Research Fellow; Research Unit INSIDE / Institute for Health and Behaviour

 

01/2009-06/2012    

Research Associate, Institute of Psychobiology, Division of Clinical Physiology, University of Trier

 

04/2007-12/2008

Stipendiary of the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft: DFG)
International Research Training Group „Psychoneuroendocrinology of Stress: From Molecules and Genes to Affect and Cognition“, GRK 1389/1

 

 

 

 

Higher Education

12/2009   

PhD thesis: „Cardiac Modulation of Startle Eye Blink: A Pre-Attentive Method to Assess Interoceptive and Baro-Afferent Neural Traffic.“

04/2007-12/2009    

Graduate studies in Psychobiology, International Research Training Group „Psychoneuroendocrinology of Stress“, University of Trier

10/2002-03/2007

Studies in Psychology, University of Trier

 

 

Awards and Grants (as Principal Investigator)

    

2022-2026 

 

 

Project grant “Shared Underlying Mechanisms of Long-Covid and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - A psychoneuroendocrinological and psychoimmunological perspective” (SUMCO), Young Academics scheme, by candidate Nina Buntic, funded by the Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Luxembourg, Role: PI/Supervisor (approx. € 190.000,-)

2021-2025

 

Project grant “Interoception of bodily sensations across organ domains and its relevance for somatic symptoms” (INBODY: no. 14638184), INTER scheme, collaborative project with Nathalie Weltens/Andreas von Leupoldt (Catholic University of Leuven), co-funded by the Research Foundation Flanders and the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg, Role: PI (1 FTE; € 261.000,- for the University of Luxembourg; total funding granted: € 754.520,-)

2018-2022

AFR PhD grant “Stress effects on interoceptive learning and memory as mechanism of somatic symptom generation” (INMEMO, no. 12534400), by candidate Ruta Müller, funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg (Role: Supervisor, approx. € 178.000,-)

2017-2023

University of Luxembourg internal project“Interoception and chronic stress” (INSTRESS), funded by the Research Office of the University of Luxembourg (PUL) (ca. € 190.000,-)

2018-2020

Faculty Grant in the Merit-Based Funding Scheme by the Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (€ 15.000,-)

2015-2018

University of Luxembourg internal project “Interoception in medically unexplained symptoms” (INMEDEX), funded by the Research Office of the University of Luxembourg (PUL) (ca. € 174.000,-)

2010-2011  

Project grant „Modulation of startle response by visceral stress through filling of the urinary bladder“, funded by the Research Fonds of the University of Trier (ca. 4.000,-)

11/2010

Dissertation Prize 2010,University of Trier (ca. € 2.000,-)

04/2007-12/2008        

Stipend of the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft: DFG) within the International Research Training Group „Psychoneuroendocrinology of Stress: From Molecules and Genes to Affect and Cognition“, grant GRK1389/1.

09/2005

Travel funds by the Research Fonds of the University of Trier (ca. € 300,-)

 

 

Awards and Grants (as Co-Investigator)

2022-2025

AFR PhD grant “Video game effects on stress levels and the moderating role of personality factors” (VGESP, no. 14567098), by candidate Gary Wagener, PI: André Melzer, funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg, Role: Co-Supervisor (approx. € 190.000,-)

2021-2024

Project grant “Cognitive Modulation of Pain in Aging – Impact of Stress and Executive Functions – a Psychophysiological Approach” (PAGES: no. 14672835), CORE scheme, collaborative project with Angelika Dierolf (PI), Marian Van der Meulen, Wolfgang Miltner and Claus Vögele, funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg, Role: Co-Investigator (1 FTE; € 422.000,-)

2020-2024

EU Horizon 2020 Grant “Systems approach of urban environments and health” (SURREAL; no. 956780), Marie Curie Innovative Training Networks, Call H2020-MSCA-ITN-2020, funded by the European Commission, Role: Co-PI (approx. € 500.000,-).

2015-2018

AFR PhD grant “Social rejection in early childhood and its effects on stress responses in later life” by candidate Violetta Schaan, funded by Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg (Role: Co-Supervisor; ca. € 111.000,-)

2011-2013           

University Research Focus „Psychobiology of Stress“, (co-applicants: H. Schächinger, E. Naumann, C. Muller, J. Meyer, R. Neumann und C. Frings), funded by the Land Rheinland-Pfalz (Role: Co-Investigator; ca. € 120.000,-)

06/2016

Young Investigator Publication Prize 2016 of the German Society for Psychology, Section Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, for publication: Muller, L.E., Schulz, A., Andermann, M., Gabel, A., Gescher, D.M., Spohn, A., Herpertz, S.C. & Bertsch, K. (2015). Cortical Representation of Afferent Bodily Signals in Borderline Personality Disorder: Neural Correlates and Relationship to Emotional Dysregulation. JAMA Psychiatry, 72, 1077-1086. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.1252.

 

 

Management activities

Since 2020      

Representative for the Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences in the Faculty Council of FHES, University of Luxembourg

Since 2016

Deputy Director of the Experimental Psychology Laboratories Network (EPSYLON), University of Luxembourg

2016-2020        

Representative for Scientific, Technical and Administrative Staff Members in the Faculty Council of FLSHASE, University of Luxembourg

2014-2019

Deputy Representative for Scientific, Technical and Administrative Staff Membersin the directory board of the Research Unit INSIDE, University of Luxembourg

Ad-hoc Reviewing for International Journals

  • Anxiety, Stress & Coping
  • Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical
  • Behavioural Brain Research                             
  • Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
  • Biological Psychology
  • BMC Psychology
  • Brain and Cognition
  • Brain Imaging and Behavior
  • Clinical Psychology in Europe
  • Clinical Psychological Review
  • Cognition
  • Cognition and Emotion
  • Cortex
  • Frontiers in Psychiatry
  • Frontiers in Psychology
  • International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
  • International Journal of Psychophysiology
  • Journal of Affective Disorders
  • Journal of Applied Biomedicine
  • Journal of Behavioral Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
  • Journal of Individual Differences
  • Journal of Personality Disorders
  • Journal of Psychiatric Research
  • Journal of Psychophysiology
  • Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
  • NeuroImage
  • Neuropsychologia
  • Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior
  • Philosophical Transactions B
  • Physiology & Behavior
  • PLOS ONE
  • Psychiatry Research
  • Psychological Medicine
  • Psychological Reports
  • Psychological Research
  • Psychoneuroendocrinology
  • Psychophysiology
  • Psychosomatic Medicine
  • Perception
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
  • Scientific Reports
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • Trials
  • Verhaltenstherapie
  • Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie

Ad-hoc Reviewing for International Funding Agencies

  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)/German Research Foundation
  • Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)/National Fund for Scientific Research
  • Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)/Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research
  • Schweizerischer Nationalfonds (SNF)/Swiss National Fund
  • Wellcome Trust

Current Teaching Activities

University of Luxembourg
  
Bachelor in Psychology (academic)/BAP (since 2012):
Psychophysiology A: Concepts and Methods (5th Sem.)
Psychophysiology B: Applications (6th Sem.)
  
Master in psychological Intervention/MPI (since 2013):
Health Psychology A: Theories and Models (1st Sem.)
Health Psychology B: Methods and Assessment (2nd Sem.)       

PhD Studies/Doctoral School (since 2017):
Research Colloquium “Interoception, Stress and Physical Symptoms”
Scientific Writing for Psychophysiologists

       

University of Trier
                       
Psychophysiology and Health/Graduate studies (since 2012)         
                                     

Supervision of PhD theses

Past PhD supervision

 

 

 

Name

Topic

Year of completion

Institution

Role

Annika Lutz

Body perception and evaluation in naorexia nervosa

2015

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Cristina Campillo

Computer-assisted interventions to improve self-regulation in patients with self-regulatory deficits

2015

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Erik Ceunen

Unpleasantness and fear in interoception

2015

Catholic University of Leuven

Defense committee member

Zoé van Dyck

The role of external and internal stimuli
in the regulation of eating behaviour

2016

University of Luxembourg

Defense committee member

Silke Rost

The role of self-regulatory capacity in
the adaptation to pain

2016

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Agnieszka Czeluscinska

Attentional bias to body- and sexually-relevant stimuli

2019

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Violetta Schaan

Social rejection in early childhood and its effects on stress responses in later life

2019

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Alessandro Decarli

The role of attachment and parental representations on mental health and wellbeing in adolescents

2019

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Oleksii Domin

Enhancing physical activity in adolescents using mHealth technology

2022

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Olivier Desmedt

The conceptualization and measurement of interoception

2022

Catholic University of Louvain

Defense Committee Member

 

 

 

 

 

Current PhD supervision

 

 

 

Name

Topic

Year of registration

Institution

Role

Katharina Gross

Genetische und psychosoziale Faktoren der Hyperhidrose

2015

University of Trier

Co-supervisor

Lena Mareen Grabo

„Linking self-regulation and its different components to stress – How do self-regulation and stress affect each other?”

2019

University of Duisburg-Essen

Co-supervisor

Kim Opdensteinen

Interozeption und Stress bei Kleinkindern

2018

University of Trier

Co-supervisor

Ruta Müller

Stress effects on interoceptive learning and memory as mechanism of somatic symptom generation

2018

 

University of Luxembourg

 

Primary supervisor

 

Mirjam Thomas

Mental comorbidity, interoception and emotion regulation in chronic pain patients

2018

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Greta Hansen

Interoception and chronic stress

2019

University of Luxembourg

Primary supervisor

Lisa Lai

Interoceptive stimulation as intervention method to reduce stress and somatic symptoms

2020

University of Luxembourg

Primary supervisor

Julie Ortmann

COVID-19, mental health, resilience and self-regulation

2020

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Sam Bernard

Interoception of bodily sensations across organ domains and its relevance for somatic symptoms

2021

University of Luxembourg

Primary supervisor

Tabea Eimer

N.N.

2021

Catholic University
of Leuven

Co-supervisor

Gary Wagener

Video game effects on stress levels and the moderating role of personality factors

2022

University of Luxembourg

Co-supervisor

Nina Buntic

Shared Underlying Mechanisms of Long-Covid and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - A psychoneuroendocrinological and psychoimmunological perspective

2022

University of Luxembourg

Primary supervisor



Last updated on: 24 juin 2022

„Leierpersonal fir Etud iwwer Stress gesicht“, RTL Radio Luxembourg, Mar 25, 2022

„Lehrkräfte im Dienste der Wissenschaft“, Luxemburger Wort, Feb 17, 2022

„Etued lauschter op dain Haerz“, RTL Radio Luxembourg, Mar 23, 2021

„So beeinflusst Corona das Jahr 2021“, Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, Feb 06, 2021

„Corona und die Psyche: Probanden für Uni-Studie gesucht“, Luxemburger Wort, May 23, 2020.

„Ein einziger (Alb-)Traum”, Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, May 08, 2020.

„Lehrer unter Dampf“, Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, Sept 20, 2019

„Wenn der Darm chronischen Stress hat, leidet die Psyche“, Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, Sept 07, 2019.

"Sonnenvitamin und Stimmungsmacher“, Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, Mar 16, 2019.

"Darm krank – Psyche krank“, Luxemburger Wort, Dec 20, 2018.

"Die Weisheit des Körpers“, DIE ZEIT and ZEIT doctor, Nov 08, 2018.

"Gesundheit zu Fuß“, Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, Oct 27, 2018.

„Jeder ist seiner Erholung Schmied“, Tageblatt Lëtzebuerg, Sept 01, 2018.

„Mehr als nur Raucherhusten“, Luxemburger Wort, Jul 12, 2018.

„Lehrer unter Hochdruck“, Luxemburger Wort, Jul 06, 2018.

RTL Radio Luxembourg: Heart-brain communication in cardiac arrest, 18.05.2018.

„Ein Gespräch, das Leben rettet“, Luxemburger Wort, May 17, 2018.

„Hochsensible Menschen: Welt ohne Filter“, Télécran, Oct 22, 2017.

„Der vermeintlich eingebildete Kranke“, Luxemburger Wort, Sept 28, 2017.

„Gehirn and Lunge: – ‚bitte melden!‘“, Luxemburger Wort, Dec 15, 2016.

 

 



Last updated on: 14 avr 2022

Since 2021: Associate Editor Biological Psychology (IF: 3.2)

https://www.journals.elsevier.com/biological-psychology/editorial-board

 

Since 2020: Guest Editor Biological Psychology, Special Issue “Interoceptive Methods”, co-edited by Sarah Garfinkel and Manos Tsakiris.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/biological-psychology/special-issue/10V1PPNC6LC

 

Since 2019: Editorial Board Member Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (IF: 3.2), section Brain-Computer Interfaces

https://www.frontiersin.org/journals/human-neuroscience/sections/brain-computer-interfaces#editorial-board



Last updated on: 22 sept 2021